Türkiye is a peninsular country surrounded by seas on three sides. The surrounding seas have a huge impact on many fields such as climate conditions in the country, vegetation, animal species, transport, and tourism. The country is surrounded by the Mediterranean Sea in the south, the Black Sea in the north, and the Aegean Sea in the west. The country’s climate also varies by region but on the whole a mild climate prevails throughout Türkiye.
Türkiye is connected to other countries via the seas surrounding it and the straits that join them. Türkiye’s seas have provided important facilities for maritime transport and have impacted its economy in important ways. The seas provide Türkiye great advantages in terms of both transport and economy.