The Black Sea is connected to the Mediterranean Sea by the Strait of İstanbul (Bosphorus) and the Dardanelles, also known as the Strait of Gallipoli (Çanakkale Boğazı in Turkish). Türkiye has the longest coastline in the Black Sea. Located in the southern part of the Black Sea, Türkiye benefits from all the blessings of the Black Sea thanks to its long coastline. Especially when it comes to fishing, the first geographical region that comes to mind in Türkiye is the Black Sea. Although the Mediterranean, Aegean, and Marmara Seas also contribute to Türkiye’s fish production, up to 70% of Türkiye’s total fish production comes from the Black Sea. Fish such as European anchovies (hamsi), bluefish (çinekop), sprat (papalina), and whiting are common in Türkiye, and are testimony to the country’s biodiversity.
The Black Sea is one of the most mysterious bodies of water in the world. A team of international archaeologists mapping the Black Sea has announced a rare and unique discovery. Using remote-controlled vehicles, the team discovered more than 40 ancient sunken ships lying on the seabed. This exciting discovery offered a wealth of information to archaeologists and historians about maritime life and culture during the time of the Byzantine and Ottoman Empires.
The landscape of the Black Sea coast has a rich flora. Visitors have the chance to discover plateaus, hot springs, and historical monuments in the lush nature of the Black Sea.
Popular activities include winter sports in Bolu province’s Kartalkaya and Ilgaz Mountains, and visits to Abant Lake and the countryside around Yedigöller (Seven Lakes) National Park, Düzce, Kızılcahamam Hot Springs, the historical sites in Trabzon such as the Sümela Monastery and Uzungöl, and Mount Harşena and the Tombs of the Pontic Kings in Amasya.
On Türkiye’s Black Sea coasts, you will find wonderful coves that are ideal for swimming such as the coast of Amasra (the ancient Amastris), which is connected to the city of Bartın on the western Black Sea coast. The port, which first came under Roman and then Byzantine rule, was very important strategically in the past. Beaches extend along the coastline for 300 meters east and 150 meters west of Amasra.
Another beautiful beach is the Gideros (Cytorus) Bay in the Cide district of Kastamonu. The beach here offers visitors a magnificent view – you can see every shade of green while swimming and admire the gorgeous blue of the sky. Located within the borders of the Kalafat village in the district of Cide, the Cytorus Bay is an exquisite option for those who want to explore untouched nature, who love the texture of the forest, and want to escape the crowds.
Boztepe in the province of Ordu is a beautiful destination where you can see the Black Sea from atop a hill that you ascend with a cable car that travels 2,372 meters. The cable car, which rises 509 meters in seven minutes, allows you to enjoy the view.
Located in the Çaykara district of the city of Trabzon, Uzungöl fascinates everyone with its steep slopes and impressive nature. The Uzungöl Nature Park in Trabzon is undoubtedly the most visited attraction in the region. It's a great place for a walk, to breathe in the fresh air and surround yourself in the quietness of the lake at sunrise. These peaceful moments can be captured by postcard-like photos at sunset.
Fırtına River (Fırtına Deresi), which flows from high mountains into the Black Sea and is 57 km long, is suitable for rafting. If you are a nature enthusiast, Rize awaits you to offer a safe and unforgettable experience with professional rafting teams on the Fırtına River.
With its lush beauty and flowing waters, the Black Sea’s unique natural beauty will impress and charm all visitors.